Matters of Behaviour https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB <p><strong>Matters of Behaviour (MoB)</strong>&nbsp;is a peer reviewed academic electronic Journal and it is interested in the worldwide dissemination of research in psychology, health behaviour, health &amp; social care, education, counselling and any aspect of behaviour or behaviour management in any discipline. Additionally, it proposes to&nbsp;contribute to the development of both theory and practice for the understanding of human behaviour.&nbsp;All papers are carefully selected, reviewed and distributed in MoB eLibrary to reach a wide audience across the Globe.</p> en-US <p><a href="https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/copyrightandlicenceagreement" target="_blank">See Copyright and License Agreement</a></p> jesseomoregie@ymail.com (Jesse omoregie) jesseomoregie@ymail.com (Jesse Omoregie) Sat, 20 Jul 2019 20:55:58 +0200 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Towards an Integrative Model of Achievement Outcomes in Research Writing: A Predictive Analysis of Personal, Behavioural, and Environmental Factors. https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/73 <p>The study examined the influence of self-efficacy (PF), student engagement (BF), and mentorship (EF) on student’s achievement outcome in research writing. The participants in the study were graduating students and were composed of a sample size of N=257. Convenience and snowball sampling techniques were adopted in the sample selection from within the university. The study employed an explanatory research design and used a one-way and factorial ANOVA as the statistical techniques for data analysis. All one-way ANOVA to determine the direct effects of Self-efficacy F(1, 255)= 6.46, p&lt;.011, Student Engagement effect F(1, 255)=4.40, p&lt;.036 and Mentoring F(1, 255)=17.38, p&lt;.000 on Student’s achievement outcome in research writing were statistically significant, including the factorial ANOVA to determine the interaction effect of self-efficacy × student engagement × mentoring F(1,249)=9.56, p&lt;.002. The interaction result suggests that students with high self-efficacy, high engagement and positive mentoring are likely to have high levels of achievement outcome in research writing. In contrast, a combination of low self-efficacy, negative mentoring and low student engagement is likely to lead to a very low achievement outcome in research writing.&nbsp;</p> Edward Inimotimi Amakiri Copyright (c) 2019 Matters of Behaviour http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/73 Sat, 20 Jul 2019 20:50:55 +0200 Childhood trauma and Effective Empirically Based Interventions https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/70 <p>Trauma affects many children in various ways globally. According to SAMHSA (2017), the “occurrence of child trauma is very prevalent, and 75% of children reported experiencing at least one traumatic event by age 16”. Traumatic events consist of “psychological, physical, or sexual abuse; community or school violence; witnessing or experiencing domestic violence; national disasters or terrorism; commercial sexual exploitation; sudden or violent loss of a loved one; refugee or war experiences; military family-related stressors; physical or sexual assault; neglect; and serious accidents or life-threatening illness” (SAMHSA, 2017). This literature review evaluates three different attachment-based, trauma-informed interventions for young children 0 - 7 years of age which are: Attachment and BioBehavioural Catchup (ABC), Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT).&nbsp; Throughout this review, childhood trauma will be defined, and the current occurrence rates will be discussed. Furthermore, the descriptions of the above therapies, clinical trials, and research findings will be examined, and a discussion of the literature review findings will follow.</p> Shanika Lavi Wilson Copyright (c) 2019 Matters of Behaviour http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/70 Sat, 20 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Case Studies of Two Second Language Learners of English https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/53 <p>This study focuses on the factors that affect learners in learning English as a second language and the different types of errors. It also focuses on the strategies that are followed by the two second language learners during a three-month period and how they may help to understand the behaviourism theory, cognitive theory, and socio-cultural theory. The aims of the study are to explore how learners learn a second language, to highlight methods that they use to learn English and to examine their abilities in English. The methods that are used for data collection are an interview, a grammar test, samples of writing in English, and observation. The findings are analysed in relation to behaviourism theory, cognitive theory, and socio-cultural theory. The findings reveal that age, motivation, and personality are the main factors that affect the two learners. It appears that the Critical Period Hypothesis may have an impact only in pronunciation and oral communication rather than grammatical ability. The study also shows that the socio-cultural context is the most essential theory in learning a second language as it considers mental processes and the socio-cultural context.&nbsp;</p> kamila alhadi algwil Copyright (c) 2019 Matters of Behaviour https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/53 Thu, 02 May 2019 15:51:29 +0200 Skills Improvement of Teachers in Technical Colleges for Sustainable National Development in Nigeria: Training and Retraining a Universal Remedy https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/47 <p>The current study examined training and retraining for skills improvement of teachers in technical colleges for sustainable national development in Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were raised for the study. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 273 technical teachers in 9 approved technical colleges in Lagos state. A sample of 90 technical teachers was used for the study. A 20-item structured questionnaire constructed by the researchers was used for data collection. Reliability was tested using Cronbach Alpha and a value of 0.87 was obtained. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of the mean and standard deviation to answer research questions. Independent t-test was used to analyse three hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significances. The findings revealed that teachers perceive the availability of training and retraining programmes and sustainable national development can be achieved through training and retraining of teachers as training and retraining programmes can improve teachers’ skills of duties performance. The researchers therefore concluded and recommends that more efforts should be made by relevant bodies such government, higher institutions, professional bodies and among others to put in place more training and retraining programmes for teachers of technical colleges and they should also be encouraged to attend and participate in such programmes to improve their skills in order enable them to function effectively for sustainable national development to be achieved.</p> Onah Caleb Copyright (c) 2019 Matters of Behaviour https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/47 Thu, 25 Apr 2019 14:00:32 +0200 Community Health Workers and The Promotion of Health Care Services in Gasabo District, Rwanda https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/57 <p><em>Health care is a primary need of human being. Life expectancy as an indicator of Human Development is below 40 years in most developing countries due to high Maternal Mortality Rate, HIV prevalence, Infant Mortality rate, Malaria prevalence and many other related diseases. This study examined the importance of Community Health Workers (CHWs) role in promoting Health Care services in Gasabo District of Rwanda.&nbsp; A simple random sampling method with the use of a self-administered questionnaire to get primary data was used as well as a literature review for secondary data. The target population was 1500 CHWs with a sample size of 183 CHWs.&nbsp; 55.6% of CHWs have a role of monitoring Malnutrition &amp; growth for children under the age of 5years, 43.2% monitor women during their pregnancy period and diagnose and treat Malaria, Diarrhoea &amp; Pneumonia for children under 5 years old. Other roles of CHWs include; providing health education (43% of CHWs), providing Family Planning services to women (24%), and sensitizing the community for HIV/AIDS testing (14.3%), psychosocial support (11%) and Vaccination (9.8%). The challenges faced by CHWs to accomplish their roles include; transportation facilitation (39.9%), limited time (32.8%), negative perception by communities (37.7%) and no monthly salary pay (38.8%). Although the work of CHWs in Rwanda is voluntary, however, the Ministry of Health should invest more in their work through the provision of transportation facilitation and motivational incentives CHWs.</em></p> Moses Kamanzi Copyright (c) 2019 Matters of Behaviour https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.mattersofbehaviour.org/index.php/MoB/article/view/57 Thu, 25 Apr 2019 11:16:59 +0200